long as the creatures or the living beings do not secure liberation or Mukti
which is a state of eternal bliss, they are bound to get involved in the
continuous cycle of births and deaths. The feeling of pain and pleasure, grief
and joy that are experienced in this world are the result of actions in former
life. The virtuous deeds lead to pleasure and the sinful acts to grief. Thus
the fate of individual is determined by his or her own actions in former life.
The old saying 'As you sow, so you reap" enunciates the same idea. The deity
appointed by the Lord to maintain accounts of virtues and vices of all
living-beings so as to reward or punish them suitably in their ensuing births
is known as Lord Chitragupta.
He assists Lord Yama Dharmaraja in enforcing Dharma
and granting the jeevas the fruits of their actions by taking into account the
bad and good aspects of their deeds, the 'Papa' and the 'Punya'.
Once when Lord Siva was in the company of his consort
uma Devi in Kailasa, it strurk him that the people on the earth would abstain
from vices and indulge in virtuous deeds only if they came to know that there
was some one competent to keep a close watch over their deeds and maintain a
proper account of them. At once he ordered for a gold plate to be brought and
drew a picture on it. Impressed by the beauty of that picture, Goddess Parvati
requested him to vivify it. Immediately the picture was transformed into a
deity by the sheer volition of Siva and Sakti. The deity was entrusted with the
duty of maintaining accounts of the sins and virtues of all living-beings. He
came to be called 'Chitragupta'. The word 'Chitra' means a picture and the
word 'Gupta' an accountant - the figure that became an accountant.
Kanchipuram is also called Satyavrata Kshetra as the
residents strictly observe the vow of speaking the truth. Hence Chitragupta
chose Kanchipuram, sanctified by the enternal presence of Vishnu, Siva and
Kamakshi, to worship these deities to be able or discharge the assigned duty