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Sri Pachaivannar and Sri Pavalavannar
Sri Vaikunta Natha Permul
  Chitragupta Temple
 The Temples of Sri Pachaivannar and Sri Pavalavannar
  Puranic Origin:


Sri Pavalavannar inside the temple     It is said in the Puranas that, the Lord assumes different complexions in different Yugas. In Krithayuga, the people were endowed with Sattvaguna with a taste for white colour and so God assumed a form with Svethavarna, a milkywhite colour. In Tretayuga, He assumed a red colour like coral, called Pavalam in Tamil and Pravala in Sanskrit. Hence his name Pavalavannar or Pravalavannar. In Dwaparayuga, He assumed a green colour like emerald and came to be called Pachaivannar, or Marakatha Vannar. In Kaliyuga, He prefers to remain in his natural blue complexion, Syamalavarana, because with deterioration in Bakthi and moral standards, people are not likely to be influenced whatever he assumes. It is said that Lord Vishnu gave darshan to the twin Aswini gods as Pavalavannar, in Kancheepuram.

    Once the sages of Naimisaranya were performing a sacrifice for the welfare of mankind. At that time, the celestial sage, Narada, who visited the Place, suggested that they offer the fruits of their sacrifice to the one among the Trinity, namely Brahma, Vishnu and Siva, who excelled the other two in the possession of Sattvaguna as, according to Dharma any sacrifice with Nishkamya Kanna should be perfomed only in the name of God. Unable to decide for themselves, the Rishis deputed Saint Bhrugu to come to a decision after testing the auspicious attributes of the Trinity.

    When the sage Bhrugu went to Satyaloka, the abode of Lord Brahma, He was engaged in a private conversation with his consort Saraswati and did not take congnizance of the sage's visit. Getting agitated, sage Brughu cursed Brahma that there would be no temple-worship for him on the earth.

    The sage then went to Mount Kailas where Lord Siva was in the company of his consort Parvati. He also did not notice the sage's visit. The Sage cursed Lord Siva that there would be no idol-worship for him save in the form of Lingam.

Sri Pavalavannar inside the temple     Finally the sage went to Vaikunta where he saw Lord Vishnu in his yogic sleep reposing on Adisesha, his serpent couch. Naturally he also did not welcome the sage. Feeling insulted by the cold reception, the sage got agitated and in his anger kicked Vishnu's breast with his foot. This at once awake Sri Vishnu from his yogic sleep. Instead of showing a tendency to retaliate, Lord Vishnu arose calmly, enquired the sage compassionately whether his foot was hurt and then began to massage it gently. It was then that sage Bhrugu concluded that he is the mightiest of Gods who overpowers all by the most potent of all weapons, namely Sattva Guna, giving rise to kindness and compassion. The sage begged Sri Vishnu earnestly to excuse him for his rash conduct and suggest a remedy for the atonement of his sin. Lord Vishnu ordered him to go to Kancheepuram and perfonn penance. Then sage Bhrugu returned to Naimisaranyam, told the sages all that had happened and helped them to complete the sacrifice. Then he came to Kanchi, had his ablution in Chakra Theertham and began his panance. Pleased by that, Lord Vishnu gave him darshan as Pavalavannar in the same fom as during his vist to Vaikuntam, sitting on the serpent-couch.

    There is also another version about the Vishnu of Sverthavarna acquiring Pavalavana. During the churning of the milky ocean, Lord Vishnu with Svetavarna bearing the mountain 'Meru' on his back, in the form of tortoise, develped a geen colour by the scorching radiation of the poison Halahal. Then he annihilated the army of demons despatched by Saraswati to cause impediments to Brahma's sacrifice. In order to put an end to the growth of Asuras emerging from the blood drops shed by the fallen Asuras, Lord Vishnu had to consume the blood of the killed asuras and because of that acquired red colour or Pravalavarna.

Description and Location:

Sri Pavalavannar inside the temple      The temple of Pavalannar is in Big Kanchi near Kanchipuram Railway Station and Sri Kamakshi Ambal temple. The presiding deity dwells under Pravala Vimana facing west on the serpent-couch of the five-headed Adisesha in a sitting posture, keeping one foot bent majestically at a right angle upto his waist, with his celestial conch, wheel etc., and Abhayahastha Mudra. The idol of sage Bhrugu also finds a place inside the sannidhi. The consort of Sri Pavalavannar is worshipped here as 'Mother Paraval avalli , and her sannidhi is facing that of the Lord.

    To the left of the main sanctum, We have the sannidhi of Sri Andal facing the perumal sannidhi with a Pavithrotsava Mantapam infront of it. Following there, we have the sannidhis of Nammalwar, Tirumangai Alwar and Sri math Ramanuja, and Sri Kodanda Rama. The Hanuman in one of the pillars of this Mantap is worshiped by the devotees.

    The temple of Sri Pravalavannar was formerly situated at a distance of 2 KM from the Present location in the area called Banapattarai. As it became dilapidated, this temple was constructed and the present idol was consecrated. There is a sacred tank called Chakra Theertham in front of the temple. Outside Pavalavannar's sannidhi and inside the compound adjacent to the main tower we have the sannidhi of Sri Manavala Maamuni and a Vahana Mandapam.

    On the fifth day of the Bramotsavam of Lord Varadhraja of Kanchi, He is decorated in the form of 'Mohini Avathara' and during the procession he visits the temple of Sri Pavalavannar where he is received with all the temple honours and Prasadam is distributed to all devotees at the time. Brahmotsavam is celebrated in this temple, on the asterism 'Anusham' in the month of Vaikasi - Vaisakh.

    At the end of Pavalavanar sannidhi street and just opposite to this temple, we have the temple of Sri Pachaivannar. The street between these two temples is called Kalandar Street. The consort of Sri Pachaivannar is worshipped as a munificient giver of boons by the devotees with the sacred name 'Mother Marakathavalli' A number of devotees visit these temples every day to worship Sri Pachaivanar and Sri Pavalavannar and get their desires accomplished.